Finland falls one spot from last year’s CCPI ranking to 15th but remains among the CCPI’s high performers. Finland receives a high rating for the GHG Emissions and Renewables categories, but only a medium for Climate Policy and a very low for Energy Use.
Drastic decline in forest carbon sinks
Finland is aiming for carbon neutrality by 2035 and wants to become carbon-negative from there onwards. While the country has relatively low GHG per capita, it has relatively high energy use.
The CCPI experts point out that Finland needs to increase energy efficiency and that the current policy of voluntary energy efficiency agreements should be made more binding. Finland has seen a recent drastic decline in forest carbon sinks caused by the recent decrease of forest growth. This endangers the climate-neutrality goal.
The CCPI experts criticise the government for not always playing a constructive role on forests and land use at the European level. This affects Finland’s international climate policy rating.
Finland has revised its Climate Change Act
Finland has a competitive wind energy sector and 34.11% of the country’s energy is sourced from renewable energy.
The CCPI experts note that the permitting process needs to be quickened while ensuring the right of the Sámi people. Finland is facing a human rights conflict over wind power on Sámi lands and has revised its Climate Change Act, introducing the Sámi Climate Panel, which acts as an independent expert body consulting on new legislation.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: