Argentina Argentina

Argentina generally maintains the same performance as last year, dropping a single place to 47th in this year’s CCPI.

The country receives a high rating in the Energy Use category, but rates low in GHG Emissions, Renewable Energy, and Climate Policy. Argentina’s overall ranking is low. The CCPI national experts deem the government’s climate change law as insufficient for decarbonisation, primarily because it does not establish emissions reduction targets.

The fact climate change evidently is not a priority issue in public policy is also a significant barrier to higher ambition, with increasing poverty and a lack of employment given greater importance. The current law sets targets only in the electricity sector, though natural gas is still included and there are no targets for distributed generation. This leads domestic environmental stakeholders to demand that the government stops fostering oil and gas activity. The country’s Share of Renewables in Energy Supply indicator rates low this year, and the share compared to a well-below-2°C benchmark indicator rates very low. Argentina’s lingering financial problems from the 2018 debt crisis mean no new targets have been set under either of the two renewable energy laws for electricity generation and bioenergy, and these sectors are dependent on external financing. There is also a lack of legislation on wetlands and inadequate enforcement of the forestry protection law. The experts recommend that the government set new goals compatible with high ambition as part of a long-term strategy and Nationally Determined Contribution. Ambition in implementing the climate change law should also be increased, with more substantive implementation and monitoring. In the International Climate Policy indicator, which rated low, the government continues to seek more international funding for climate action and enhanced international cooperation.

The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Miguel Angel Rementeria & Roque Pedace (Foro del Buen Ayre CIMA), Carlos Tanides (Fundación Vida Silvestre Argentina)

Technical note: how to read the target comparison graph

The graph above shows the development of a country over the past years compared with its Paris compatible pathway and 2030 target. For all three quantitative categories of the CCPI, this visualisation gives an overview of where a country is right now, where it would need to be to fulfil the Paris Agreement promises and where it aims to be in 2030.

For GHG emissions per capita, the data includes LULUCF, as used for the emissions per capita indicator. This leads to the vast changes in emissions of some countries with high forest coverage.
The calculation of individual country target pathways is based on the common but differentiated convergence approach (CDC). It is based on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities” laid forth in the Framework Convention on Climate Change. All Annex I countries therefore have a decreasing pathway from 1990 onwards, starting at that year’s emissions. 60 years later, in 2050, these countries are expected to reach net zero emissions. All other countries, which did not reach the level of global average emissions in 1990, are allowed to increase emissions until the average is reached. But by latest 2015 these countries, too, have decreasing pathways and 60 years to reach net zero. These pathways start from the global average.

The Renewable Energy data is given in per cent of Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) and includes hydro energy, consistent with the respective CCPI indicator. As global distribution of Renewables (especially solar and wind) only started in the 2000s, the pathways in this category start in 2010. All countries have an equal goal: 100% Renewables in 2050, each starting from its 2010 value.

For Energy Use the Primary Energy Supply per capita is shown. All pathways for this category start at country’s 1990 values and meet at global average of 80 gigajoules per capita in TPES.
For 2°C and 1.5°C scenarios, a decrease in emissions by reducing the (growth in) energy use is as crucial as deploying renewable (or other low-carbon) technologies. The IPCC carried out a scenario comparison using a large number of integrated assessment models. From the scenarios available, we observe that the total amount of global energy use in 2050 has to be roughly the same level or a bit higher than it is today, with a margin of uncertainty. At the same time population will grow slightly between today and 2050. We therefore pragmatically chose the well-below-2° compatible benchmark to be “same energy use per capita in 2050 as the current global average”, which is 80 gigajoules per capita in TPES.