Bulgaria Bulgaria

Up five places in the overall ranking, Bulgaria is now is among the low-performing countries, ranking 44th in CCPI 2021.

Compared with the previous year, the country shows significant improvements in the Renewable Energy category, driven by an overall improved current share of renewables in energy use. The further very positive trend of renewable energy between 2013 and 2018, however, must be seen in the context of the still comparatively low share renewable energy.

Bulgaria continues to receive a low rating in the GHG Emissions category and national climate experts’ comments indicate no turnaround in this regard. While the country has yet to announce a definite coal phase-out date, current policies indicate this may reasonably occur by the mid- to late 2030s. Bulgaria remains highly reliant on fossil fuels for its energy supply and takes no substantial steps towards a clean energy transition, Bulgarian experts say. This is also reflected in the country’s response to the COVID-19-induced economic crisis, with the government not binding recovery funds to green reforms, and with large industry companies being the biggest beneficiary of the economic support scheme. Overall, Bulgaria at the national level only fulfils minimum EU requirements in relevant climate policy fields, such as energy use, forestry, and agriculture, while at the same time strongly opposing the EU’s enhanced 2030 ambition. This does not align with the country’s formal support of the 2050 net-zero EU target and thus completes the picture of Bulgaria’s very low climate policy performance, among the bottom 10 in this category.

The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Meglena Antonova (Greenpeace), Genady Kondarev (Za Zemiata – Friends of the Earth Bulgaria).

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