Brazil falls four spots in this year’s CCPI, to 25th, and it remains among the medium performers.
Similar to last year, the country receives high ratings in the Renewable Energy and Energy Use categories. In Emissions, It receives a medium, with a decreasing trend in emissions per capita over the last 5 years. Brazil’s GHG emissions per capita (at more than 8 tCO2eq/capita), however, are not in line with a well-below-2°C pathway.
National climate experts paint a much grimmer picture, giving a very low rating for Brazil’s climate mitigation efforts. While acknowledging that non-fossil fuels generate 40% of the country’s energy, experts noted that the federal government is moving in the opposite direction, promoting LNG through its natural gas plan. Experts also firmly criticise the government’s destructive policies in the forestry sector, including its declared intent to dismantle the existing environment protection framework and weaken law enforcement agencies. This comes despite its commitment to “zero illegal deforestation by 2030” under the first NDC. With deforestation accelerating in the past two years and with the forestry sector already a major source of GHG emissions, lack of action in this area indicates an overarching lack of ambition in national climate mitigation policy. This was, therefore, rated low in the annual climate experts policy survey. This sentiment further resonates in the country’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which does not consider climate-related conditions in its economic bailouts for airlines, the automotive sector, and other businesses. The effects are also seen in the country’s performance on the international level, which experts rated very low. Worryingly, experts also note a significant lack of transparency in the country’s climate policymaking.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Carlos Nobre (Brazil Institute of Advanced studies), Roberto Kishinami (Instituto Clima e Sociedade)