Switzerland rises two spots to 14th in this year’s CCPI, remaining among the overall relatively high-performing countries.
The country shows a similar performance to that in the previous year, receiving high ratings for GHG Emissions and Energy Use and medium ratings for Renewable Energy and Climate Policy. Notably, Switzerland trends in a positive direction across all categories. In the GHG Emissions and Renewable Energy categories, however, current levels and 2030 targets are not in line with a well-below-2°C benchmark and are therefore rated medium and low, respectively.
While there is a CO2 law under discussion for the country, experts criticise there being no measures in the agricultural sector and only reporting duties for the financial sector included in the climate mitigation legislation. Experts are also critical that Switzerland aims at reducing a significant proportion of national emissions through international emission certificates (internationally transferred mitigation outcomes: ITMOs). This presumably weakens mitigation efforts at the national level. The overall medium rating experts give Switzerland’s climate policy therefore reflects the existing progressive legislation, such as in forestry, but a tendency towards insufficient policies and ambition across all sectors. Experts acknowledge the proactive role at the international level, in promoting environmental integrity, as well as carbon market and transparency rules. They do, however, request an increase in the financial contribution to public climate finance and strengthening of Switzerland’s engagement in loss and damage. They also criticise Switzerland’s placing a great deal of energy into bilateral agreements to offset domestic emissions that are cheaper in other countries.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Jürg Staudenmann (Alliance Sud), Georg Klingler (Greenpeace).