Chile rises three ranks in this year’s CCPI to 6th, remaining among the high-performing countries. Chile only receives a low rating in the Energy Use category and a medium rating in Climate Policy, but respectively a high and very high in Renewable Energy and GHG Emissions.
The strong performance in GHG Emissions owes to relatively low per capita emissions of 2.24 tCO2eq (including LULUCF). It receives a very high rating for that indicator and for the GHG per capita compared with a well-below-2°C benchmark and GHG 2030 target indicators.
Adopted Climate Change Framework Law contains net zero target
In June 2022, Chile adopted a Climate Change Framework Law that includes a commitment to reach net zero by 2050, and policies to achieve this target. Chile also submitted a long-term low GHG emissions strategy. The CCPI experts welcome this move. They further note an increase in the share of renewable energy, leading to a high rating in this indicator as well as in the renewable energy current trend indicator. Progress has also been made on a biodiversity services law.
Despite these significant advancements and developments, which the experts recognise and welcome, the experts criticise the country’s lack of mitigation and adaptation strategies regarding water scarcity.
Ecosystem protection must improve
To become aligned with a well-below-2°C trajectory, Chile must reduce its emissions from the energy and transport sectors and reduce destruction of the valuable ecosystem serving as a carbon sink. Chile must therefore limit peat extraction and macro algae extraction. There is also a need to implement Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) commitments on forestry, protected areas, and native forests.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI:
- Sam Leiva (Fundación Territorios Colectivos)