Falling three spots relative to last year, China is ranked 33rd in this year’s CCPI.
China’s performance on the categories that make up this year’s CCPI is mixed, leading to an overall low rating. Of particular concern are the country’s insufficiently ambitious 2030 GHG emissions reduction target. More positively assessed are China’s national and international climate policy, which includes recent announcements by the government to peak emissions before 2030 and reach net-zero emissions before 2060, although key details regarding how the government will achieve these aspirations remain unknown.
Despite its status as the world’s largest emitter of GHG emissions, China is rapidly deploying non-hydro renewable energy sources and is in the process of developing a national emissions trading system, which will limit CO2 emissions from the power sector. As a result, the country’s national climate policy is rated medium. Combined with its medium rating on the international climate policy indicator, the country’s overall climate policy compared to other countries is assessed as high. However, China does not score as well on the other categories assessed in the CCPI. The country is rated very low on both Energy Use and GHG Emissions categories and receives a medium rating on the Renewables category, a reflection of its growing GHG emissions and energy consumption and still lower shares of renewables in the energy mix. If the long-delayed cap-and-trade program launches next year and the government publishes more information regarding how it will achieve net-zero emissions, China could rise in next year’s CCPI.
National experts that contributed to the policy evaluation of this year’s CCPI chose to remain anonymous.