Germany rises in this year’s CCPI to 19th place, from 23rd last year, reflecting its new efforts to reduce emissions.
With the exception of the high-rated international Climate Policy indicator, Germany’s performance in the CCPI categories is mixed, leading to an overall medium rating. The country’s high per capita GHG emissions and energy use, the growing emissions in the transport sector and the incompatibility of its 2030 renewable energy target with a well-below-2°C pathway are especially concerning. These indicators continue to receive a low rating.
This year, Germany arranged its plans to phase out coal-fired power generation by 2038 into law. It also passed amendments to the Fuel Emissions Trading Act, which sets a carbon price in the transportation and heating sectors from 2021 onwards. National experts, however, still rate the country’s national climate policy performance at medium. The transport sector remains the biggest laggard topic there, showing an ever-growing trend since 2012. Experts see no significant policy measures to counteract this trend and highlight the need for further policy interventions in the rail transport sector for a higher modal split. Experts also noted Germany’s lower ambition in coal exit compared with European counterparts, owing to the later end date. Moreover, they emphasised that policy efforts for structural transformation of the country’s power sector lack comprehensiveness because of unambitious renewable energy expansion plans and still-massive roadblocks for renewable deployment. Experts also considered the agreed-upon CO2 price to be too weak. The constructive role Germany plays in international climate negotiations was more positively assessed, with a high rating for its international climate policy performance.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Sebastian Scholz (NABU). Manfred Treber (Germanwatch).