Estonia Estonia

In the CCPI 2021, Estonia remains in the group of low performing countries, however falling by seven spots to rank 38.

Compared to last year’s edition, Estonia shows significant changes, both in positive and in negative terms. The overall decline is mainly driven by declines in the GHG Emission category and the Energy Use category, which are now both rated very low. With regard to Estonia’s CCPI performance it is important to note, that calculations in the GHG emissions category are based on 2018 data.

Experts point out that with the raise of the ETS CO2 price in the past two years, Estonia managed to achieve a significant reduction of its fossil fuel (mainly oil shale) share in electricity production and consequently, a significant emission decrease. With an emission decrease of 62% compared to 1990, Estonia is an EU frontrunner in this field according to the EU Climate Action Progress Report (published 2020, based on 2019 data). Based on those developments, an improved CCPI ranking appears highly probable for Estonia in the coming years. Thus, most recent climate policy developments show a much more positive picture of Estonia’s climate change performance. This is also reflected in the Renewable Energy category and in the Climate policy category, as the country was able to move into the group of high performing countries in both categories
Experts highlight the progressive regional cooperation towards integrated energy markets, e.g. with joint power markets being created through BEMIP (Baltic energy market interconnection plan), supported by the European Commission.
Overall, experts acknowledge the government’s active engagement in climate and energy policies, however critically noting that the country is yet to present a clear strategy for the achievement of its 2050 climate neutrality target.

The following national expert agreed to be mentioned as contributor for this year’s CCPI: Sharna Terase Nolan (SEI).

Find out more about the CCPI