With lower performance across all categories, Greece falls back into the low-performing countries, ranked 34th in CCPI 2021.
Greece’s most notable decline can be seen in the GHG Emissions and Climate Policy categories. The country falls from a medium to a low rating in both categories, dropping 10 and 13 places, respectively. Further worryingly, Greece receives lower ratings for the trend indicators of all three quantitative categories – GHG Emissions, Renewable Energy, and Energy Use –indicating the country is, overall, trending in the wrong direction.
National climate and energy experts’ evaluation underscores this impression with low ratings for Greece’s climate policy both nationally and internationally. Experts note that neither of Greece’s 2030 targets are in line with a well-below-2°C pathway. Experts are especially worried regarding the most recent environmental law, which waived environmental restrictions to allow for unchecked oil and gas exploration projects in protected areas. This strongly reflects the country’s overall tendency of promoting oil and gas as ‘bridge fuels,’ which is also reflected in large and ongoing fossil fuel subsidies. Experts call for a re-evaluation of the plans for new gas plants. They also urge the government to adequately align a green recovery package in light of the enhanced EU emissions reduction target, which Greece formally supports. Seeing that lignite was responsible for 34% of national GHG emissions in 1990–2017, experts welcome the decision to shut down existing lignite plants by 2023, leaving only one plant to operate between 2023 and 2028. Experts also acknowledge a good policy framework for electric vehicles, pointing to significant emissions reduction potential in the residential sector, which thus far has not been sufficiently implemented in government policies.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Dimitris Ibrahim (WWF), Takis Grigoriou (Greenpeace).