Continuing its downward trend, Hungary falls from 47th to 50th in CCPI 2021, showing a very low overall performance.
Hungary stably remains low in the GHG Emissions category and very low in the Climate Policy category. The overall ranking is rooted in the GHG Emissions low and Energy Use medium, showing drops of seven and six positions, respectively.
Nevertheless, Hungarian climate policy experts note a significantly improved performance in the country’s climate policy at the national level, leading to a rise of 10 places. Experts assert positive signals in the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP), mentioning progress in e-mobility and green public transport. They also note remarkable growth in solar PV in energy supply. Hungary, however, still receives a low rating for its national climate policy. Experts specifically call for expansion of the country’s wind capacity, which has been continuously blocked. Together with Malta, Hungary’s NECP has the worst performance in the EU Commission’s evaluation among all EU Members. Regrettably, the mid-term targets and related policies are not in line with the announced 2050 climate neutrality target. In light of this, experts point to an overarching lack of ambition in Hungary’s national climate policy and thus call for greater ambition across all relevant policy areas. The country also considerably declines even further in its international climate policy performance, now ranging in the bottom five of this indicator. Hungary’s regressive role regarding the EU, not only holding back the EU’s ambition in EU negotiations, but also hindering the EU from taking proactive positions in international negotiations, plays a central role in experts’ evaluation in this field. Those tendencies have again become evident most recently, as Hungary, alongside Poland, blocks the EU 2030 climate plan and, moreover (as of November 2020), has delayed the final agreement on the EUR 1.8 trillion EU budget and recovery fund (2021–2027). It does so in opposition to the integrated rule-of-law mechanisms, despite the budget being a crucial element in economic relief for multiple EU Member States in the context of the ongoing pandemic-induced economic crisis.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors to this year’s CCPI: Béla Munkácsy (ELTE University), András Lukács (CAAG), Adam Harmat (WWF), András Perger (Greenpeace).