Italy is ranked 44th in this year’s CCPI, following a 15-rank fall from the previous year and placing it among the overall low performers.
Italy rates low in the GHG Emissions and Climate Policy categories and medium in Renewable Energy and Energy Use. The country’s government has done little to push towards more ambitious climate policies; it’s even backtracked in some areas.
No clear policies for decarbonisation
In June 2023, Italy announced a revision of its National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP). Though the plan improves on the previous NECP, the CCPI country experts do not believe the new draft is sufficient. In the new draft, the planned coal phase-out for 2025 may be postponed to 2028. The renewable energy target is 40.5% renewables in final energy consumption and 65% for power consumption by 2030. Though there is some support for renewable energy and installations are increasing, there are still bottlenecks. There are no clear policies for decarbonisation (e.g. in the industry sector).
Italy imports high quantities of wood pellets, mainly for the heating sector. In the transport sector, the country lacks policies for decarbonising transportation. The NECP plans six million electric vehicles and a 30% share of renewables by 2030 in this sector. Nevertheless, the experts indicate there are no concrete plans for how to implement the EU target of banning sales of combustion engine vehicles by 2035, a target the government has criticised.
New fossil fuel infrastructure is planned
Italy’s fossil fuel policies are also going backwards. New fossil fuel infrastructure is planned for gas pipelines and regasification terminals and no phase-out plan for fossil fuel subsidies is in sight. This money could be invested in clean energy and energy efficiency measures.
The experts demand that Italy’s government confirm the coal phase-out for 2025, decide on more ambitious renewable energy targets, stop fossil fuel infrastructure and extraction, and phase-out all fossil fuel subsidies.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: