Dropping one spot, Italy was unable to improve on its medium overall rating and places 27th in this year’s CCPI. The country continuously receives medium ratings across all categories.
The national climate policy expert assessment comes to a similar conclusion. The experts focused on the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP, adopted in January 2020) as the core element of Italy’s climate policy. They note some positive signals provided in the NECP, including the coal phase-out scheduled for 2025 and targets in the transport sector aiming at 6,000,000 electric vehicles and 22% renewable energy in transport by 2030. The experts also note, however, that whereas for the transport target there are no specific policies for implementation in place, the aim is for the coal phase-out to be achieved through additional gas capacity. This is strongly contrary to an effective energy transition away from fossil fuels. Altogether, experts rate the NECP as insufficient in achieving the goals set in the Paris Agreement, also given its lack of a long-term and economy-wide emissions reduction target. Together with insufficient measures in the areas of Energy Use and Non-Energy, this leads to an overall low rating from national climate experts on their country’s policy efforts at the national level. Experts acknowledge Italy’s proactive role in EU negotiations at the international level regarding the NDC enhancement, as well as Italy’s joining the Carbon Neutrality Coalition, an international alliance aiming at achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. Experts’ medium rating for the international climate policy indicator thus leads to Italy’s medium overall rating in the Climate Policy category.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Stefano Caserini (Italian Climate Network), Tommaso Franci (Amici delle Terra Italia), Mauro Albrizio (Legambiente).