Mexico drops three ranks to 31st in this year’s CCPI. This puts it among the medium-performing countries. Mexico receives mixed ratings in the four main CCPI categories: very low in Renewable Energy, low in Climate Policy, medium in GHG Emissions, and high in Energy Use.
Climate Change Law needs to cover all sectors
Mexico’s General Law on Climate Change (LGCC, of 2018) includes commitments to the Paris Agreement, adoption of the 1.5°C target, and a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as a national climate policy instrument. The targets in this law include achieving 35% clean energy sources for energy production and the country’s pledge to reduce GHG emissions by 22% by 2030.
The CCPI country experts support the LGCC, but they criticise the law’s standalone nature and that there are no concrete action plans for other sectors.
Experts demand a revision of the NDC
Mexico continues to subsidise oil and gas and has no phase-out plan for fossil fuels. The government has, however, set an indicative cap on oil production levels and has cancelled future leasing rounds for offshore and unconventional deposits. This sets a real limit to oil and gas production expansion in future decades. Mexico is among the 20 countries with the largest developed oil reserves.
Mexico also plans to increase its gas and coal production by over 5% by 2030. This is incompatible with the 1.5°C target.
Overall, the experts demand that the government implement concrete action plans for current targets, and that it revises the NDC so it is more ambitious. Climate mitigation must concern all sectors in Mexico.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: