After slipping into the group of low performers last year, Mexico remains in the group, with the same ranking in CCPI 2021.
The country receives medium and high ratings, respectively, in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories. However, its declining performance in the Renewable Energy results in a very low rating in this category.
Mexico’s efforts on the expansion of renewable energy are, according to national experts, still limited and unclear, and the country ranks very low in the indicators measuring the alignment of both the share of Renewable Energy in Energy use and the 2030 Renewable Energy targets to a well-below-2°C trajectory. While several mechanisms have been implemented for the promotion of renewable energy, national experts indicate that the government’s efforts seem to be in favour of the already built fossil-fuel based power plants that are owned by the state utility as opposed to new renewables, as well as there is a continued role of fossil fuel subsidies in the national budget. On the contrary, the country continues performing well in the Energy Use category. Regarding National Climate Policy, an indicator in which Mexico rates low, experts agree that the current government is not ambitious enough in defining climate policies. In addition, experts claim that policy efforts done to enforce protection of forests are questionable, that current policies lack clarity and that not enough economic and human resources are assigned to ensure their implementation. Along with a medium performance in International Climate policy efforts, Mexico receives an overall low rating in the Climate Policy category by our experts.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Sandra Guzman (Climate Finance Group for Latin America and the Caribbean), Luisa Manzanares (CEPEDES), José María Valenzuela (Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University).