By falling two spots, Malaysia continues its downward trend, now ranking 56th and thus remaining
in the CCPI bottom 10.
As in the previous year, Malaysia receives very low ratings in the important categories of GHG Emissions and Renewable Energy. While the country improves its Energy Use rating to medium, it significantly declines in the annual climate policy assessment by national climate and energy experts, where it receives a very low rating. This drop is driven by a dramatic setback in the national climate policy indicator, where Malaysia falls by 28 places, into the bottom five.
Seeing experts’ comments, the above is largely rooted in the administration change in early 2020. Symptomatically, the former Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment & Climate Change has been split into three portfolios, and the words ‘climate change’ have thereby been dropped. The topic of climate change has thus been downgraded from the ministry level to the agency level. Considering those developments, it appears unlikely the country will see an ambitious increase in its 2030 targets, which are all rated low or even very low in the CCPI target analysis. Fossil fuels remain the main energy source and there is no overarching energy efficiency policy framework in place, according to experts. The bottom line of Malaysian climate policy experts’ analysis is that the new administration has a highly destabilising effect on the now low-rated climate policy, providing very little indication for a turnaround in Malaysia’s climate mitigation efforts in the near future.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors to this year’s CCPI: Anthony Tan Kee Huat (candidate for Master in Sustainable Development Management at Sunway University), Nithi Nesadurei (Environmental Protection Society).