Norway climbs four notches to 8th in CCPI 2021.
Norway continuously receives high ratings in the Renewables and Emissions categories, where with an NDC enhancement in February 2020, a significant improvement of the 2030 emission reduction target to 50%–55% below 1990 levels is notable. Norway was also able to increase its very low performance in Energy Use, though it is still low. This improvement shows a significant decrease in energy use per capita, at −14.37% (2013–2018); thus, the country earns a high overall rating.
Regarding several climate mitigation policies, (e.g. an effective carbon pricing instrument, high share of renewable energy, and significant progress in transport electrification), national climate experts give Norway a medium overall rating for its national climate policy. Experts note that good climate policies at the national level are contradicted by the country’s role in oil and gas exports; it is the biggest oil and gas producer in Western Europe. Almost all oil and gas produced domestically is exported, and this contribution is not counted in balances in the CCPI methodology. Experts see no indication of a turning point in this regard, given that oil tax relief to a very large extent dominated the COVID-19 response. Norway’s Ministry of Finance is taking more than 90% of the investment risks of the oil and tax finance loss, estimated at 38 billion Norwegian krone, for this budget. Experts say that with almost 50% of Norway’s total energy use being fossil fuel-based, and through its high export rates of oil and gas, the country is a severe contributor to global carbon emissions and does not live up to its responsibilities in a global sustainable energy transition. Environmental organisations are currently suing the Norwegian government in the national Supreme Court for licensing new offshore oil drilling in the Arctic regions. A decision is expected in late 2020 or early 2021. Additionally, experts note policy deficits in the Energy Efficiency category and a lack of clarity in the country’s overall strategy for delivering on its NDC. For example, there is neither a renewable energy target nor a national emission target for 2030 or beyond in place.
Experts criticise Norway’s role in the international UN climate negotiations regarding support of an effective loss and damage framework, as well as adequate climate finance mechanisms. They stress that while the country may receive a comparatively high rating, this does not entirely reflect deficits the country shows with its overall approach to climate mitigation action.
The following national expert agreed to be mentioned as contributor for this year’s CCPI: Hakon Grindheim (Norwegian Church Aid).