In CCPI 2021, Poland ranks 48th, which places it among the very low-performing countries.
The EU Member receives low ratings across all CCPI categories and in almost all indicators, with current levels, trends, and targets in GHG Emissions, Renewable Energy, and Energy Use not aligned with the Paris Agreement’s goals.
In the national climate experts’ policy assessment, Poland’s performance is rated low in national and international climate policy. On a general note, experts reference that Poland’s policies on emissions reduction (e.g. EU Emissions Trading System) and energy use are covered by, and do not exceed, EU-imposed regulations. In this regard, experts observe Poland as continuously playing a regressive role in EU negotiations by blocking climate policies and lowering the EU’s overall climate ambitions. This also resonates with the experts’ lamenting a lack of ambitious and consistent climate policy framework at the national level. Poland has yet to adopt its 2040 Energy Policy. With reference to a draft summary of the strategy published in September 2020, national climate experts suspect the 2040 policy envisions an emissions reduction of only 30% by 2030. Further critical to Poland’s climate mitigation policy is the recent pledge to phase out coal extraction by 2049. Experts demand this be completed by 2030. The date 2049, however, applies only to mines in the Polish Mining Group. Other mines are not included. While there is no deadline for a complete coal phase-out in the energy sector, there is also no plan to withdraw from subsidies for fossil fuels. Experts also call for improvements in regulatory frameworks regarding wind energy, as onshore wind energy generation is effectively banned under current legislation. Furthermore, the Council of Ministers did not adopt the Offshore Wind Energy Support Act, which was planned for the November 24, 2020. Additionally, experts call for significant improvements in Poland’s building and transport sectors, with the latter being a driver for the country’s rising energy emissions. Moreover, the veto of the EU´s budget and recovery fund on the part of the Polish government will slow the process of just and ecological transition in Poland. The only positive signal is development of the solar prosumer energy market. The capacity of installations currently exceeds 3 GW.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Andrzej Kassenberg (Institute for Sustainable Development), Andrzej Ancygier (Climate Analytics), Wojciech Szymalski (Institute for Sustainable Development), Izabela Zygmunt (Polish Green Network), Kacper Szulecki (University of Oslo), Zofia Wetmańska and Aleksander Śniegocki (WiseEuropa).