Romania Romania

Continuing its downward trend, Romania drops six spots to rank 36th in this year’s CCPI, at the same time falling from the medium- into the low-performing countries.

While it has continuously received a medium rating in the GHG Emissions category, Romania drops in the other three categories. It is now a medium in Energy Use, low in Renewable Energy, and very low in Climate Policy.

The CCPI experts note Romania’s climate mitigation measures thus far are not comprehensive and lack strategic coherence. For reducing GHG emissions, the government is mostly focusing on fossil gas as a key transition technology. On a positive note, however, in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (published in 2021), the government announced a phase-out for both lignite and hard coal by 2032. Due to the country’s currently slow growth of renewable energy, projections show Romania will not meet the EU target of 32% renewables by 2030, even though their actual share in the energy mix is already 25%. This illustrates Romania’s need to speed up its policy ambition in this regard, as there are no support schemes or mechanisms in place. The experts particularly note strong potential in offshore wind power, for which the government is in fact developing a strategy. Most of the policies relate to energy use in transport, industry, and buildings, as drafted in the abovementioned Plan. The overall ambition, however, is too low, according to the experts. In the transport sector, for example, there is still no GHG Emission reductions target in place.

Lastly, Romania’s poor national climate policy performance also largely translates to its performance at the EU and International levels, despite the country’s support of the EU’s position on net zero by 2050 and at least a 55% GHG emissions reduction by 2030.

The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Laura Nazare (Bankwatch Romania), Radu Dudau (Energy Policy Group)

3rd of December 2021: After finding a calculation error in the CCPI 2022, we have revised our data. This effects Romania`s ranking slightly (+2 ranks).

Technical note: how to read the target comparison graph

The graph above shows the development of a country over the past years compared with its Paris compatible pathway and 2030 target. For all three quantitative categories of the CCPI, this visualisation gives an overview of where a country is right now, where it would need to be to fulfil the Paris Agreement promises and where it aims to be in 2030.

For GHG emissions per capita, the data includes LULUCF, as used for the emissions per capita indicator. This leads to the vast changes in emissions of some countries with high forest coverage.
The calculation of individual country target pathways is based on the common but differentiated convergence approach (CDC). It is based on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities” laid forth in the Framework Convention on Climate Change. All Annex I countries therefore have a decreasing pathway from 1990 onwards, starting at that year’s emissions. 60 years later, in 2050, these countries are expected to reach net zero emissions. All other countries, which did not reach the level of global average emissions in 1990, are allowed to increase emissions until the average is reached. But by latest 2015 these countries, too, have decreasing pathways and 60 years to reach net zero. These pathways start from the global average.

The Renewable Energy data is given in per cent of Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) and includes hydro energy, consistent with the respective CCPI indicator. As global distribution of Renewables (especially solar and wind) only started in the 2000s, the pathways in this category start in 2010. All countries have an equal goal: 100% Renewables in 2050, each starting from its 2010 value.

For Energy Use the Primary Energy Supply per capita is shown. All pathways for this category start at country’s 1990 values and meet at global average of 80 gigajoules per capita in TPES.
For 2°C and 1.5°C scenarios, a decrease in emissions by reducing the (growth in) energy use is as crucial as deploying renewable (or other low-carbon) technologies. The IPCC carried out a scenario comparison using a large number of integrated assessment models. From the scenarios available, we observe that the total amount of global energy use in 2050 has to be roughly the same level or a bit higher than it is today, with a margin of uncertainty. At the same time population will grow slightly between today and 2050. We therefore pragmatically chose the well-below-2° compatible benchmark to be “same energy use per capita in 2050 as the current global average”, which is 80 gigajoules per capita in TPES.