With a very low overall performance, Russia maintains its rank of 52nd in CCPI 2021.
Staying among the CCPI’s bottom 10, Russia continues to receive a very low rating in the Renewable Energy category and a low rating in the Energy Use category. The country also drops into the groups of very low-performing countries in the GHG Emissions and Climate Policy categories.
Considering the country performs low or very low throughout almost all indicators, the high-rated Energy Use target, reflecting Russia’s ambition of reducing total energy intensity of GDP by 20% below 2017 levels by 2030, can be positively noted. National climate experts also see some potential in several climate policies now under discussion. These include a national system of GHG emissions reduction and policies in forestry (including protected nature areas and reforestation projects). In November 2020, Russian President Putin announced the country’s enhanced 2030 emissions reduction target, which contains a slight raise in the GHG emissions reduction ambition, now aiming at a 3% emissions increase instead of the 18% increase envisioned in earlier versions (compared with 1990 levels). Note this announcement is not included in the experts’ climate policy assessment, as the annual survey was completed in October 2020. However, in advance of the announcement, experts took note of the strong influence of high-carbon industries insisting on limiting the country’s climate ambitions. This tendency reaches deep into other fields of climate politics, lowering ambition at the national level in the areas of GHG Emissions and Renewable Energy, as well as at the international level. Ultimately, this overshadows positive developments at the national level, with improved policies in the building sector, as well as at the international level, with the ratification of the Paris Agreement being completed. These varied factors help explain experts’ very low rating in national climate policy and low rating in international climate policy.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Michael Yulkin (Environmental Investment Centre), Vladimir Chuprov (Greenpeace).