Slovenia Slovenia

Slovenia rises one spot to rank 50th in this year’s CCPI, but remains a very low performer overall.

The country performs very low in the GHG Emissions category, low in both Renewable Energy and Energy Use, and medium in Climate Policy. Most notably, indicators evaluating the country’s current levels, as well as the 2030 targets compared with a well-below-2°C pathway, are rated low or very low across all three categories.

The CCPI experts criticise Slovenia’s government for insufficient sectoral measures and targets for limiting GHG emissions. Still no date for a coal phase-out has been announced and fossil fuel subsidies (mostly in the form of tax refunds) are in place, weakening the carbon energy price’s effect. Moreover, the government plans to introduce an indirect cost compensation scheme to make up for the cost increase of carbon allowances felt by energy-intensive industries. If implemented, this scheme would slow the actual GHG emissions reduction pathway.

The national target for a 27% share of renewable energy in the energy mix (by 2030) is only 2% above the actual share. The experts, therefore, demand a coal phase-out by 2030, stopping of the fossil fuel subsidies, and strengthening of the energy efficiency and renewable energy targets for 2030, as well as their implementation.

In the building sector, the experts see some progress made over the past decade, mainly because of support schemes for energy efficiency, energy performance contracting, and improved financial leverage. However, in the transport sector, the experts see no effective policies in place, which explains why this sector is the most energy-intensive in the EU. For this reason, the experts ask for faster development of railways and comprehensive public passenger transport.

The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Barbara Kvac (Focus Association for Sustainable Development), Umanotera: The Slovenian Foundation for Sustainable Development

Technical note: how to read the target comparison graph

The graph above shows the development of a country over the past years compared with its Paris compatible pathway and 2030 target. For all three quantitative categories of the CCPI, this visualisation gives an overview of where a country is right now, where it would need to be to fulfil the Paris Agreement promises and where it aims to be in 2030.

For GHG emissions per capita, the data includes LULUCF, as used for the emissions per capita indicator. This leads to the vast changes in emissions of some countries with high forest coverage.
The calculation of individual country target pathways is based on the common but differentiated convergence approach (CDC). It is based on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities” laid forth in the Framework Convention on Climate Change. All Annex I countries therefore have a decreasing pathway from 1990 onwards, starting at that year’s emissions. 60 years later, in 2050, these countries are expected to reach net zero emissions. All other countries, which did not reach the level of global average emissions in 1990, are allowed to increase emissions until the average is reached. But by latest 2015 these countries, too, have decreasing pathways and 60 years to reach net zero. These pathways start from the global average.

The Renewable Energy data is given in per cent of Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) and includes hydro energy, consistent with the respective CCPI indicator. As global distribution of Renewables (especially solar and wind) only started in the 2000s, the pathways in this category start in 2010. All countries have an equal goal: 100% Renewables in 2050, each starting from its 2010 value.

For Energy Use the Primary Energy Supply per capita is shown. All pathways for this category start at country’s 1990 values and meet at global average of 80 gigajoules per capita in TPES.
For 2°C and 1.5°C scenarios, a decrease in emissions by reducing the (growth in) energy use is as crucial as deploying renewable (or other low-carbon) technologies. The IPCC carried out a scenario comparison using a large number of integrated assessment models. From the scenarios available, we observe that the total amount of global energy use in 2050 has to be roughly the same level or a bit higher than it is today, with a margin of uncertainty. At the same time population will grow slightly between today and 2050. We therefore pragmatically chose the well-below-2° compatible benchmark to be “same energy use per capita in 2050 as the current global average”, which is 80 gigajoules per capita in TPES.