Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) rises one rank to 57th in this year’s CCPI, for an overall very low rating and remaining in the bottom 10. Taiwan receives a low in the Climate Policy category and a very low in GHG Emissions, Energy Use, and Renewable Energy. Its performance is very similar to last year’s.
Pathway to Net-Zero Emissions published
In March 2022, Taiwan officially published the country’s Pathway to Net-Zero Emissions in 2050, which sets out actions. The target includes the goal of reaching 60–70% renewable energy by 2050. The draft Climate Change Response Act (April 2022) includes a carbon fee. The country has also planned for no new coal-fired power plants to be built after 2025 and there are plans to electrify the transport sector.
The CCPI experts welcome these new climate policies, but they note the missing medium-term targets for 2030 and concrete action plans for implementation.
Share of renewables is low
Taiwan continues to rely on fossil fuels for energy. The current share of renewable energy in total energy use (including power generation, transport, and heating) is below 3%.
The experts criticise the absence of oil and gas phase-out plans. Nevertheless, they welcome Taiwan’s aim of achieving 20% renewables by 2025. The experts demand that the expansion of renewables be even more ambitious and not cause ecological damage (e.g. destruction of algae reefs, forests, and wetlands via natural gas).
The country is not an official party at the UNFCCC. Taiwan did publish an (intended) Nationally Determined Contribution. The experts recognise Taiwan seeks participation under the UNFCCC and wishes to use the forum constructively.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: