Ukraine moves down three ranks, to 20th, and is rated a medium performer in CCPI 2021.
Ukraine declined to medium in the GHG Emissions category and low in the Renewable Energy category. It was, however, able to improve slightly in the Climate Policy category, though still receiving a low rating.
Experts who assessed Ukraine were especially convinced of the benefits of the national transportation strategy, including fiscal support for electric vehicles. The government is also working on a plan for viable transition of the coal regions by 2027. Experts do, however, criticise that the recovery from the COVID-19-induced economic crisis is largely focussed on road construction, while budgets for public transport are being cut. The country’s low-carbon strategy preserves 2050 emissions at the present-day level, while in a draft NDC, climate neutrality was proposed only for 2070. The carbon tax of converted 0.30€ is one of the lowest in the world and contributes to the state’s general budget. The extension of renewable energy infrastructure is coming to a halt, as no auctions for capacities are held. Those deficits both with regard to overall ambition and within specific climate mitigation policies are the main reasons experts give for their low rating in the national climate policy indicator. Ukraine, supporting the EU climate policy and European Green Deal, is laying the groundwork for an emissions trading system. The country is, however, still heavily dependent on fossil fuel imports from Russia. Experts also observe a lack of coordinated climate diplomacy in international negotiations; thus the low rating given in this field. The continuing military conflict in Donbass is still affecting the economy and the energy demand in the country. Emissions from the occupied territory and the military conflict zone are taken into account by modelling, as there is no accurate data available under the given circumstances. Those effects on key CCPI indicators strongly influence Ukraine’s position in the overall ranking.
The following national experts agreed to be mentioned as contributors for this year’s CCPI: Yevheniia Zasiadko, , Konstyantyn Krynitsky, Anna Danyliak, Mihailo Amosov, Iryna Bondarenko, Oksana Omelchuk (Ecoaction); Oksana Kysil (Covenant of Mayors); Oksana Aliieva (Heinrich Boell Foundation, Kyiv-Ukraine Office); Illia Yeremenko (Ecoclub); Vladyslav Zhezherin (Consultant); Oksana Mariuk (Ukranian Climate Network); Oleh Savytskyi (Ukranian Climate Network).